A Short Story
In Darkest America
‘O father! I hear the sound of guns,
O say, what may it be?’
‘Some ship in distress, that cannot live
In such an angry sea!’
Yo’ doan miss yo’ watta’ till the well runs dry.
As the bus sped down the spine of Illinois toward Memphis Dewey’s mind was dark with swarming visions. All the indignities and injustices he had endured, and the frustrations and thwartings formed the matrix of the cogitations. His own failures in meeting the Challenges he had faced worried his conscious mind. The hurts and evils were transfigured away from the personal and projected into the great swirl of events going on around him that determined the decisions he had to make to go on living.
This was the period of life of the great inflow when impressions entered his mind faster than he could organize and interpret them. All around the boy forces, movements and people that would influence his life were dropping into place or preparing to affect him.
As the bus whizzed down the highway past St. Louis off to the West there was a young fellow by the name of San Martin Sobibor about to obtain his MD in Psychiatry from Washington University. In the Spring of ’59 Sobibor would depart for the mecca of sexual perversion, San Francisco, where , as he put it, he could be at home. From there he would migrate to Portland Oregon because, while he was ready for San Francisco, Baghdad By The Bay wasn’t ready for him. Hard to believe but true. In Portland the paths of Dewey Trueman and Marty Sobibor would intersect with results to be shown.
For now, concerned solely with the moment, Dewey’s mind darkened with the deepening shades of evening. He would be dozing when the bus, after an hours delay in Memphis, turned West across the Mississippi into Arkansas. In the gloom of the night Dewey lost the opportunity of sighting the Congo of America from the deck of the Mississippi Bridge made famous by Chuck Berry’s seminal song, ‘Memphis, Tennessee.’
Arkansas. Dewey would wake to see some of the swamps and bottomlands before the bus passed through Little Rock. Little Rock. It had been only two years before that Eisenhower had called the Army out to excort a cute little Negro girl in a pink pinafore into desegregated Central High.
A hundred years before the Sons of Dixie would have gone to battle over less but now the fight was gone out of them. These were different times; the Great Cause had been lost way back when. Little could be done now to win back the South’s pride. Just as their defeat a hundred years before had driven Dixie down, this defeat a hundred years after would have as profound an affect on the whole of America.
The Army in Little Rock, tanks in Prague and Waco.
Little Rock. Central High. Memories of the scene in the hallway before Mrs. Hicks’ class at Melville the week before came flooding back through Dewey’s half glazed mind. How right was desegregation? was his thought. What could be gained by destroying one people for the benefit of another people, the former much more highly evolved, developed and advanced than the latter.
Actually nothing good came of desegregating schools in the South. The truth about integrated schools could be seen right then in the North where desegregation had been a fact for over a hundred years. Truth was less important than fantasy in Disney America.
Over the next several decades the hopelessness of forcing Black Folks on White Folks was such that even responsible Black Folk rebelled at the chaos integration had produced. By the twenty-first century in an effort to get away from desegregated schools society, unable to face the situation squarely, enacted voucher systems in which the government paid the tuition of students so parents could avoid sending their kids to the same hell holes to which they had been bused.
Who wished to escape the hell holes they had carved out of order and organization the most. Whites? No. They were too embarrassed to keep their kids from attending Black gang dominated classes. Blacks leapt at the chance to get their Black kids away from the Black dominated high schools so their tots could get a ‘good’ education. It remains to be seen whether academic standards will be demolished in their new schools. Probably.
Well, it’s not like the Conservatives didn’t see it coming.
Liberal fanatics saw the uplifting of Blacks when they received the same education as Priviliged White Skins. What Liberals didn’t foresee was that the racial tension and strife would be so intense that rather than Blacks getting the education of White kids the education of White kids would be brought down to the level of Blacks. Standards would be lowered by Blacks rather than Blacks raised to the higher White standards that they could not meet. Liberals couldn’t or wouldn’t foresee the results nor do they care today if the result was the brutilization of White kids. So they give the Blacks a fifteen point handicap and say both are equal.
Well, no matter. Civilization can take any amount of punishment without lapsing into a dark age, can’t it? There’s still water in the well, isn’t there? The level is way down there now but, you know, you don’t miss your water till the well runs dry.
Then judged by thoughts of Little Rock’s Central High Dewey’s thoughts reverted back a hundred years to the Civil War when hundred of thousands of the flower of the White species were destroyed for the benefit of Black savages most of whom were fresh from the jungles.
Black savages? you say. Yes. Black savages, if you only look at the facts. To say that Dewey had all this worked out would not be true. His mind contained the thoughts only in embryo like the oak is prefigured by the acorn. Thus, while his thoughts were not as detailed as the following, just as when the acorn bursts it bonds and begins to grow into the oak so all of Dewey’s later development was contained in the nebulous forms of his understanding at this time. It is axiomatic that you can’t learn what you don’t already know.
As Dewey might have said then had he known the details that he would later learn he might have acted more strenuously. Let us consider the set and setting.
The Civil War was fought from 1860 to 1865. Western technology and science was already far ahead of any other people or area of the world. Western science, even at the time, made White people a distinct evolutionary stage of development. If you are going to claim to be scientific you have to face these facts. The fantastic advances in scientific knowledge that occurred after the Civil War were so far ahead of Asia and Africa as to strain credulity. It was as though the super bowl champion football team was playing a bunch of high schoolers. Gods walked the earth.
Electricity alone was a quantum leap ahead of the past and all other civilizations. Except for Euroamerica electricity was unknown anywhere else in the world. When Coney Island was illuminated during the gay nineties incoming Eastern and Southern Europeans out at sea were overawed by the sight of the amusement park glowing in the night. Nowhere else on earth was such a sight possible.
If nether Europeans were astonished imagine the effect on traditional Chinese or the Stone Age peoples of America and Africa. Imagine how they must have responded a few years into the twentieth century when they saw White men flying airplanes above them in their skies.
In 1865 the conquest of the American West was yet to begin in earnest. The centenaries for the states of New Mexico and Arizona haven’t even taken place yet. China was still a medieval society. Africa was still an unknown continent. No area with the exception of South Africa had been brought under European dominion as yet. Large areas were still shown as a blank spot on the map indicating territory unknown to Whites. In reality most of Africa had not been trod by a booted foot.
The Africans lived in a state of stone age nature that had been virtually undisturbed for a hundred fifty thousand years since the first Homo Sapiens sneered at his predecessor hominid. Mental traits and habits still existed untouched by abstract thought.
Even as the Civil War was being fought African tribesmen were ritually sacrificing tens of thousands of their own annually and eating them. Slavery? What a tragedy. Cannibal feasts were part of the fabric of native life as they remained into the twentieth century and down to the present time. At the time of this story cannibalism was a fact of of life in Africa. Sekou Toure, the Big Daddy of Guinea, kept his refrigerator stocked with human flesh. Thus modern technology improved the life of the African greatly. When questioned about it Toure adopted the condescending tone and said: There are some things Westerners will never understand.
Thus this state of mind indigenous to the African continues to this day.
In 1893 at the great Chicago Exposition the natives of Dahomey on the South Coast of the African bulge were displayed as the most primitive and savage people on earth. This was no exaggeration. As late as 1893 and well beyond human sacrifice and cannibalism was a characteristic trait of Dahomians.
In the early 1870s some few years into Reconstruction in the American South after slavery had been abolished the British hacked a campaign into the bush of the Gold Coast, or what is now called Ghana, to correct habits similar to the Dahomians practiced by the Ashanti people at the capital of Coomassie. When the British succeeded in fighting their way through the bush to Coomassie they were horrified at what they discovered.
Great mounds of human skulls, the result of incessant human sacrifice were piled in huge pyramids and rows along the streets of the Ashanti capitol. Pots of cannibal stew still simmered. H.M. Stanley who recorded the entry into Coomassie would later be criticized for his portrayal of ‘Darkest Africa’ but how much darker could Africa be than this?
Depends on what you call darker. Even as White Men were falling in their myriads in America for the liberation of a people who could never appreciate it, East Africa was actually being depopulated by Arab slavers who delivered their product to the Middle East and India.
British policy and the American Civil War only succeeded in ending slave trading from the West of Africa. Arab slavers had been raiding East Africa for slaves for at least two millennia.
Even as White Men murdered each other in America for the benefit of West African slave trading cannibals, thousand person lines of slaves yoked together moved down out of the highlands of East Africa for Arab ports. Accounts differ but perhaps only three of ten made it from point of origin to the final destination. This Arab Slave trade was to continue unabated still for decades until it was driven underground by the British where it continues functioning to this day.
When the US allowed Arabs into this country after 1965 they brought their slaves with them. Thus one hundred fifty years after brave White Men died for the sins of Black Africa slavery was reintroduced into America.
What area of Africa did the American Negro slaves come from? Ashanti chiefs supplied large numbers of them. Others came from the Slave Coast further East on the coasts of Dahomey and Nigeria.
Today American Blacks benefit from the notion that they are as early in America as the earliest British. True, some Blacks date back to the seventeenth century when the first cargoes were landed but by far the largest number date from after 1776.
Even after the British, having learned their error rather quickly, tried to destroy the Afro-American slave trade late in the eighteenth century and American law illegalized the trade in 1807 still the now illegal trade continued uninterrupted until the Civil War. Thus a very large proportion of Blacks were transported between 1830 and 1860.
The level of civilization of these Black Folk may be gauged by that of the Ashantis and Dahomians. In other words they had been death worshipping cannibals until their Daddys or Chiefs sold them West. As of 1959 this was only a hundred years previously. These savages had been forcefully taught to change their diet from human flesh to beef only three or four generations earlier.
Cannibalism was a sore point with the Afro-Americans of 1959. The pop group Cannibal And The Headhunters was meant to disparage this obvious truth. The intent was to make the notion appear as a White Man’s fabrication. It worked pretty well too.
Now, as I stated before just because you step on the soil of the New World does not mean that your inbred mental arrangement is modified in any way; only your subsequent mental condition can be altered. The mind is not so elastic that the past loses its influence. It only manifests itself in different ways. It adapts its manners and customs to the new conditions; this is to say that no one forgets his antecedents and grudges.
Let us now direct our attention from the Africans to the English immigrants. Let us put them into perspective so we can understand the development of democracy in the United States.
The English discovery of America happened at a most propitious time in English history. In conventional terms the English Commons was about to supplant the English Crown.
Political events are always based on personal animosities. In the fifteenth century Henry the VIII had discarded the hated Catholic Church. Henry’s daughter Elizabeth I continued Henry’s religious policies.
At the beginning of the seventeenth century, Elizabeth having died without progeny the crown was offered to the Scottish Catholic James who was already James the VI of Scotland and now became James I of England.
The Scots were not particularly well thought of by the English while the fear of Catholicism being reestablished created a panic. The seeds of discontent had been sown.
At the end of the fifteenth century Gutenburg had invented movable type inaugurating the age of print. Printing was much cheaper than hand copied manuscripts. The first book was printed. Naturally it was the Bible. Bibles were now available at a reasonable cost. The Bible was widely disseminated in the area of England known as East Anglia after its conquerors the Angles. East Anglia is formed by the three shires of the bulge East of London plus Cambridgeshire and Lincolnshire. Animosity existed between east Anglians and the Southern shires that formed the heart of the Norman conquest of 1066.
When the Normans conquered England they enslaved the Anglo-Saxons. Thus Gurth in Walter Scott’s ‘Ivanhoe’ is an Anglo-Saxon slave. Slavery is said to have existed in the Norman shires to a period c. 1500.
The Anglians resented this fact of their having been enslaved very much, as they had previously been conquerors and exterminators. Their grudge against the Normans simmered along without focus until Gutenburg delivered the Bible into their hands. Perusing the Old Testament very carefully they formed an identity with the Hebrews who had been enslaved in Egyptland. Where the Anglians had lacked direction formerly their identification with the Hebrews pointed the way for them.
Disturbing under Elizabeth, the Anglians now alternatively known as Puritans from their identification with the Hebrews 0f the Bible became troublesome under the Scottish Catholic James but progressed to rebellion under James’ son, Charles I.
Charles was called upon to exert repressive measures to protect his throne. During this period the East Anglians boarded ships to flee to the newly discovered coast of North America. Landing in the North the Anglian cum Puritan State of New England or New Anglia came into existence.
They did not forget their past but continued to nurse their grudges against crown, Catholics, Scots and Normans. They didn’t like the Irish too much either.
In England the Anglians revolted, captured the crown and installing Oliver Cromwell as the Protector attempted to root out and destroy Norman influences.
The Anglian Puritans were called Roundheads while the Norman troups of Charles were called Cavaliers. When Cromwell and the Anglian Puritans ruled it was the turn of the Norman Cavaliers to flee to America. New England having been pre-empted by the Anglians the Cavaliers set up their characteristic social institutions in what was to become the State of Virginia. The two arch enemies were separated by a few hundred miles which was a sufficient buffer to prevent hostilities at that time.
In England the manners of the Anglians were so unpalatable that to continue their hegemony would have meant establishing a totalitarian state, not unlike that in the United States today, which they didn’t have the power to do.
Thus the Stuarts in the person of Charles II were invited back. They proved unpopular so in 1688 in the revolution known as Glorious in contrast to the earlier Anglian Puritan revolution William and Mary began the Protestant Succession which was firmly established in 1717 with the introduction of the Hanoverian line from German that continues to this day under the assumed name of Windsor.
The Anglians retired into their Eastern shires where they have remained fiercely isolationist. The Author toured East Anglia a couple times in the 1970s where he was amazed at the continuing hostility of East Anglians to outsiders and their unwarranted sense of superiority. The spirit of the Puritans is alive today in the East Anglian heartland.
Thus, whereas by 1776 the conflict between the English factions was more or less resolved in England the conflict had not yet been formulated on American shores.
The Norman Cavaliers had enslved Anglians and Saxons in England until fairly recent times; now the Anglians thought their descendants in America were up to their old tricks. The notion of indentured White laborers that were in effect slaves for a limited period had been part and parcel of Norman Virginia. As the Anglians might have noted wryly: Old habits die hard. The notion of innate superiority was part of the Norman as well as the Virginian character. It should be no suprise that Virginians would keep Black slaves while condemning them to racial inferiority.
Any excuse will do if you really want to pick a fight. The Anglians of New Anglia or England hating the slave owning Cavaliers of Virginia chose slavery as the issue over which to renew the war of the Anglian revolution in England. This time the war would be a fight to the finish that would involve the total destruction and extermination of their old enemies.
There is no question that slavery was an evil that had to be discontinued and was being discouraged in a diplomatic manner in Africa and those same diplomatic heads that were interested in right and less interested in revenge should have prevailed in America.
Now, the Anglian vision of history which we are taught in school is that freedom of religion was the issue that caused Purtian immigration. This is nonsense. The issue was one between Anglians and Normans that was brought into focus under a religious disguise.
Religion is little more than a psychic projection of the hopes and fears of a people. The model on which the Anglians formulated their angst was that of the Hebrew Bible. The Hebrews or Jews formulated their religious response because of their own defeat and humiliation at the hands of the Assyrians and Babylonians. In an access of pride, rather than admit to being defeated, they formulated the notion that they were a Chosen People of their God destined to rule the world. Their present state then was not one of defeat but of being chastised for not having followed the precepts of their God to the tittle. The Puritans or Anglians found the Hebrew model an answer to their psychic needs.
The Nazis of German in the same way and using once again the Jewish model elected themselves a chosen people in response to their betrayal and defeat in the First World War.
The Communists who are also based on the Jewish model are merely the unproductive members of society who either will not or cannot so they merely say they will expropriate the producers but the idea of an elect or chosen people of ‘laborers’ is the same.
Once the notion has become part of the psychology of a people the notion is refined and grows and grows. The end result is that reason is discarded and Anglians, Jews, Nazis, Liberals and Communists become intense bigots because as their dogma is based on a falsehood it will fall to the ground upon examination. Therefore they must censor all speech and writing and even function as thought police. In other words, the Emperor has no clothes.
The Civil War having been fought and ended the antagonism between the Anglian Puritans and Norman Cavaliers remained. The financier J.P. Morgan once said that every man has two reasons for whatever he does: A good reason and the real reason. The good reason the Anglians had for provoking the Civil War was their ostensible opposition to the bonafide evil of slavery. The real reason was the age old British quarrel between the Roundheads and the Cavaliers.
The great tragedy of the European conquest of the world was the dependence on African slaves for manual labor. What a fine country the US would have been if the African savages had been left in Africa to pile their heaps of skulls in the jungle. For, you see, contrary to popular opinion the White man has a conscience that is lacking in all other peoples. The Blacks had been amassing mountains of skulls for centuries without one thought of conscience. There wasn’t even a word for conscience in their vocabulary.
The American Civil War ended the practice of slavery amongst the White race. Slavery of African Blacks in Africa continues to this day.
The Arabs must have had word about the American War and its purpose yet they too continued their slave practice unabated until the Europeans made it too difficult for them to indulge in slave raids on a massive scale. Slavery also has continued with them until the present day. In fact Arabs have reintroduced the practice into Europe and America. Arabs own slaves in all the White countries. It wouldn’t be ‘democratic’ if you denied them this right, now, would it?
Unlike Blacks and Arabs Whites knew from the beginning that slavery was wrong. They could never be at ease with it. Oh, maybe there were the bestial types who didn’t worry about it, but witness the American writer Mark Twain, or to use his legal name, Samuel L. Clemens, who epitomized the split in the psyche of the White people of North America.
Even today Clemens causes discussion among his own for the benefit of the Blacks. Remember slaves and Blacks are two different things. One can oppose slavery while being wary of Blacks.
Clemens although he writes from an Anglian point of view had a Virginian for a father. Clemens actually enlisted in the Confederate Army. That he presented himself as a Connecticut Yankee about the time he wrote Huckleberry Finn is an interesting fact because he was far from a Yankee.
He grew up as far North as the border of the free state of Iowa and across the river from free state of Illinois. Hannibal, Missouri was a slave holding community. The Widow Douglas, a Scot, who adopts Huck Finn had the owner of Nigger Jim living in her house while she herself owned slaves.
Clemens’ attitudes toward the national components of the American nation deserve a closer study. The person on whom the character of Huck Finn was based was an Anglo named Tom Blankenship. Clemens changed his nationality to Irish as Finn is an Irish name. A huckleberry was a worthless fellow so you don’t have just a White guy and a Negro floating down the river but a worthless Irishman and a Negro.
Sawyer is an English name probably meant to be of Anglian origin. It denotes a manual occupation. In point of fact, sawyers cut logs to build houses while thatchers put on the rooves. So Tom Sawyer and Becky Thatcher form an interesting psychological combination. In the racial politics of the time when the Irish had a reputation for being troublesome hard drinkers, Clemens has already set up a national hierarchy with the Anglians on top, the Irish below and the Negro at the bottom.
Huck Finn is not socially acceptable nor is he capable of being educated to it. Although the Widow Douglas, a Scot, tries, Huck slips the bonds escaping to float down the Mississippi river on a raft with Nigger Jim.
Now, Negro Jim as my college English teacher used to call him, is solely a comic figure. He is the epitome of the ignorant, superstitious, eyeball rolling Darky. He is really undifferentiated from the other Blacks who came from miles around to hear his witchcraft story. He has no real identity beyond that of a stereotype and symbol.
Twain, in fact, has never formulated an identity for him. He doesn’t know who Nigger Jim is. In Twain’s mind he is just a faceless Negro who neither needs nor has a past.
I now propose to tell the early history of Jambalaya Karate otherwise known as Nigger Jim.
The African Roots Of Nigger Jim
Jim hadn’t always been a slave. Back home in Ghana or the Gold Coast as it was known in those days, Jim had been born the son of a Fanti Daddy, Chief or King where he had been given the name Jambalaya Karate, which loosely translated means The Devourer of the Enemy.
Jambalaya Karate was born in 1810 a few years after the slave trade had been abolished by the United States. He grew up a very privileged young man who had slaves of his own. In his youthful arrogance he was frequently unkind to them. Cruel even. On one cannibal occasion he bit off a slaves’s little toe to see what his reaction would be.
In 1828 when Jambalaya Karate was eighteen his Fanti tribe was attacked by the Ashantis. Although Jambalaya performed prodigious feats of valor, leaping at times a full five feet straight up in the air like an early model Mr. Bojangles or Michael Jordan the Fantis were defeated while Jambalaya himself was taken captive becoming the personal slave of the Ashanti king Basso Profondo, which translates voice of Thunder i.e. God.
Jambalaya did not take well to being a slave especially as Basso took great delight in humiliating the son of his enemy Daddy. Jambalaya remembered his royal origins but too well. In an effort to teach him manners Basso Profondo bit off one of Jambalaya’s little toes. While this indignity had a profound effect on the Fanti’s psyche the act nevertheless saved Jambalaya’s life.
Some fellows were needed for sacrifice as well as to fill the stew pot. Jambalaya himself had taken part in several cannibal feasts as, indeed, his name meant Devourer Of The Enemy, only a few months earlier. He did not now relish becoming Fanti stew.
Only slaves without blemish were suitable for sacrifice. Jambalaya was now missing a little toe thus removing him from eligibility. He was still a troublesome slave for whom Basso Profondo had no use so he was marched off to the coast in 1830 where he was sold American, placed on board a ship, ran the blockade and was transported to New Orleans where he was landed illegally.
While Jim as he was now named, having avoided the ignominy of being named Jack or Speedoo, had dreamed of escaping back to his people while in Africa he now realized there was no such thing as escape. A little something died inside. And yet, his life would be better than in Africa.
Remember jim had already been a slave in Africa. If one reads enough about American slaveholders one will learn that slave holding is a most humane affair. Arab Slavers say that slave holding by Arabs is not the cruel thing it was in Africa or America. Africans say their slave owners get no complaints from their slaves. Their slaves would rather be slaves than face the hazards of being free. Americans, of course, said Blacks were treated like members of the family. The only people who ever complained about the inhumanity of slavery were the slaves themselves and one knows how unreliable their testimony is.
There were some salient differences between African slavery and American slavery that made Jim’s lot better in America not least of which climate and food were better. There were fewer diseases in America. Jim’s life span in Africa would have been no more than thirty to thirty-five years. In fact, as he was due to become stew, much less.
In Africa the owner had the right of life and limb. As we saw, Jim bit off his slave’s little toe later having his own amputated. Had his owner killed him in a fit of pique it was his right. According to American law owners did not have the right of life and limb.
In Africa once you were a slave manumission was not a possibility. Once a slave always a slave. Thus technically all American Blacks or their descendants would still be slaves in Africa. In America a slave could buy his freedom or be manumitted.
Not least of the advantages to being a slave in America is that one was freed from the constant threat of tribal war. The American Black was automatically detribalized.
Thus when Jim was landed in New Orleans he lived a more secure and better life in America although he was still a slave. The major disadvantage was that he was taken from a state of nature and placed among the most advanced scientific people on earth. The passage from tribal savagery to scientific civilization must have placed an immense strain on his psyche. No matter how he may have rebelled at the idea he must have thought he was much inferior to White people.
One can see the effect of the passage from a tribal life to a higher civilization in the passage of the Jews from Palestine to Babylon. Read Isaiah and Ezekial in that light and you will note some remarkable things.
While still proud as a slave in Africa, Jim was thoroughly cowed and broken by his circumstances in America. He became listless and useless until his owner sold him up river as a domestic where he recovered a little of the will to exist although he became the comic buffoon portrayed by Clemens. Thus Huck, unknown to himself, floated down the Mississippi with a cannibal African prince by the name of Jambalaya Karate: The Devourer of the Enemy.
Even though the effectiveness of Jim’s character deepened on his being called Nigger Jim modern Liberals who apparently have no idea of Clemens’ point insist on Bowlderizing Nigger Jim to just plain Jim as though two clowns named Huck and just plain Jim floating down the river is a story.
Even if one examines the negricity of Nigger Jim one finds the fallacy of Liberal thinking. As a novelist Clemens seems to have had a clear idea of the pasts of Tom Sawyer and Huck Finn but he had no idea of the history of Nigger Jim. To Clemens he was just a faceless Negro who was only a symbol.
Even then the racial distinctions of Clemens are fairly remarkable. Published in 1885 when Clemens was fifty after slavery had been abolished and both the Civil War and Reconstruction were over while the Jim Crow era was beginning Clemens seems to have been in an analytical mood. He seems to be standing back describing the scene as though he were a Mysterious Stranger; one who had turned coat from being a Southern Rebel to a Connecticut Yankee.
He portrays a number of nationalities that are clearly distinguished. Missouri was a slave State. Slave holding was common in Huck’s town. Yet the Sawyers and Thatchers do not own slaves. The names Sawyer and Thatcher are obviously significant. Sawyers cut boards to make houses while Thatchers make rooves for houses. Having occupational names they are clearly of Anglian stock.
If they had been Norman Virginians their names might have been Anglicized for instance from the French Beauchamps to Beecham. Clemens may at one time have been Clements.
Huck Finn is obviously Irish. By 1850 the Irish were only recently a considerable part of the population. They may not have yet made their way West in any numbers. In 1885 they would have been conspicuous. Pap Finn himself seems to be a caricature of the hard drinking, raggedy Irish cottager from the Old Sod.
Clemens doesn’t seem to be an abolitionist nor does he put much that is sympathetic in Jim’s character. He is really only the eyeball rolling Darky butt for comic relief. Clemens himself was to enlist in the Confederate rather than the Union Army so there has to be some question as to whether this ‘Connecticut Yankee’ considered slavery immoral or wrong.
Nor were the Anglians much disposed to fraternize with Negroes even though they abolished slavery. It is inconceivable that an Anglian like Tom Sawyer would float downstream on a raft as a near equal of a Negro. As Anglians equated the Irish and Negroes there is probably a subtle ironic note in the pairing. Clemens is probably playing up to his Yankee audience.
When Huck and Jim got to Arkansas the denizens of the swamps and bottomlands are portrayed as a rowdy, dissolute crew. These men are the Southern descendants of the Norman Virginians and Scotch-Irish. These are the people that the Africans in Africa and Anglians in America denoted as White Trash. Throughout American history they have been held as beneath the Negro in status.
Clemens holds the former cannibal and slave owner Jim up for comparison with the White Trash. Not knowing anything of Jim’s antecedents he compares Jim favorably to these wild, boisterous Whites.
Once again, Clemens was writing in 1885 long after the events so he may have been reflecting attitudes of the day rather than of the time. He had to ingratiate himself with the Anglian Puritans as they controlled American society and the key to his own success as a writer. In any event he encapsulates the modern hierarchical prejudices of Political Correctness as imposed by the Anglians after the Civil War. That is: Anglians, Irish, Negroes and at the bottom White Trash and anyone who disagrees with them.
In my academic career I knew neither teacher nor student who considered Huckleberry Finn as anything but a true fable.
Nobody considered Jim from the point of view of any African antecedents. No one realized he might have any. Nobody questioned Clemens’ grotesque portrayal of the Arkansans. You know, folks, they aren’t too far from a lot of the people one sees walking around today.
As luck would have it we do have a contrasting account of life in the Arkansas swamps and bottoms of the same period. That account is provided by Henry M. Stanley of ‘Dr. Livingstone, I presume’ fame.
Stanley who was one of the models for Edgar Rice Burrough’s character Tarzan, was born in Wales. While still in his mid-teens he emigrated to America arriving in New Orleans. After an adventurous year or so he was adopted by a man named Henry Stanley, who, incredibly, was looking for a son, then gave him his name Stanley in place of his natal John Rowlands. In the course of events Stanley apprenticed his namesake to a merchant on the Sabine River bottomlands of Arkansas. He lived there for a few years until the Civil War began when he was impressed into the Rebel army.
After the war he became the famous reporter and African explorer but he had always had an eye for details. He too portrays the Arkansans as a fairly crude bunch while not being unsympathetic to the Negroes. As a newcomer to America with no axe to grind he takes a more broad point of view portraying a spectrum of Whites and Blacks as people not as types. And remember that Stanley wrote his autobiography before 1905 and long after his Southern exposure and his several expeditions into Darkest Africa including the expedition into Ashantiland at Coomassie. No one in the world had more experience with both Blacks and Whites than H.M. Stanley.
Stanley didn’t understand the English origins of the American Civil War but he gave voice to the central problem of the war which was: Why should White men kill each other for the benefit of a primitive African people who could never appreciate the sacrifice or could ever leap the chasm between savagery and science.
Stanley was right but he couldn’t see that the good reason of slavery was not the real reason for the Civil War but instead national antagonism. Nobody was really fighting for the slaves, the real reason was the fanatical hatred of the Anglian Puritans for the Norman Virginian Cavaliers and the Scotch-Irish.
The vindictive hatred of the Anglian Puritans was clothed with the righteous religious reason of abolitionism. No one penetrated the disguise but the disguise was necessary and successful.
Just as the Jews having once assumed the role of the Chosen People were bound to expand and intensify the notion over the centuries so the Anglians once they had assumed their self-righteous disguise were bound to continue it after the defeat and abasement of their Norman Virginian enemies.
Having defeated the South the Anglians deep seated, shall we say, insane rage caused them to want to punish the Virginians as seriously as they believed they had been punished by the Normans in England.
There is no doubt that if they had not been moderated by New York and the Middle Atlantic States who despised them as much as the Anglians despised the Virginians that that they would have enslaved the Southern Whites to the Negroes. Failing that they still made Reconstruction one of the most punitive regimes in the history of the world.
Reconstruction! There’s a sigfinicant word. What did it mean? Reconstruction from what to what? Civil rights were virtually denied the Whites while in some insane version of Affirmative Action men who had been slaves both in Africa and America, men who had neven known freedom or the arts of government, men who did not understand democracy were placed as governors over the Whites.
In England Cambridge University was a creation of East Anglians while Oxford was a more national creation. For anyone who has been there there is quite a contrast between Oxford and Cambridge. Oxford is by far the most open or least uptight institution.
The Anglians of New Anglia or England had created the premier educational institution in the US, Harvard University. They even placed it in a town called Cambridge. Now, really, you have to think about this stuff, really worry over it. The Anglians now placed a bare foot, illiterate Negro as head of the Classics department of a major Southern University. As the question, why as a matter of Reconstruction would one place an illiterate in charge of the intense mental disciplines of Greek and Latin? Only as the gravest of insults. Only as an act of insane rage.
The Whites of the South were not supine; they fought back. Just as the measures used against them were extreme, they in their turn resorted to extreme measures. What did you think would happen?
In Scotland the calling the Clans was done by igniting fires on the mountain tops. The Southerners, composed largely of Scotch-Irish, imitating their Scotch ancestors now formed the Ku Klux Klan. Now when there was a fire on the mountain it meant that the Klan was riding out that night.
Thus the Anglians created a sort of Second Civil War in the South where the Whites were pitted against the Negroes in self-defense. The Anglians had created the era of Jim Crow.
We’ll never know if Jim Crow could have been avoided if once slavery had been abolished a more enlightened conciliatory policy had been followed rather than the indulgence of Anglian rage.
Nevertheless the Liberal policy of alliance with the Negroes against the ‘White Trash’ was established. Until European immigration rose to flood tide there was a three tier ‘democratic’ classification system in America: Liberals on top, the Negroes, then ‘White Trash.’
The White Trash formed exlusive nativist groups like the Ku Klux Klan and the American Protective Association which reacted negatively toward the new immigrants rather than embracing at least some of them as reinforcements against the Liberals.
The Liberals formed a coalition of the various immigrant peoples including the Jews and Italians against the various factions of Nativist ‘White Trash’ including the neo-KKK which wa reformed in response to the formation of the Anti-Defamation League and the NAACP.
The early Liberal Coalition was formed around the policies of Woodrow Wilson and culminated in the Presidency of Franklin Delano Roosevelt.
The Civil War was the turning point in early American history. Anglian Liberalism as a projection of Anglian angst became evil in intent. Their rage and hatred against the Normans was institutionalized into an unreasoning ferment against any who disagreed with them. The dichotomy of Anglian Liberalism and American Nativism became set in the Liberal/Conservative confrontation that exists today. Time for fires on the mountain once again.
As in Reconstruction days Liberals are still trying to raise the Negro above their Conservative antagonists in the exact manner of that bare foot Negro in charge of the Classics Department although they no longer call it Reconstruction but Affirmative Action.
Negroes are promoted into responsible positions over more qualified Whites. This in turn makes the Negro dependent on White people to do the job for them. This means that the Negro has his White Man to slave for him. Dewey would decline the role in 1961.
It will easily be seen why American politics are so irrational. American politics are being directed by a national group living out a character assumed at the latest in sixteenth century England but probably inherent in the psyche of the Angles before they migrated from Denmark to Britain.
The Anglian character didn’t change when they stepped ashore on Plymouth Rock and neither did that of the Negro when they were desembarked at their American port.
Many of the characteristics of the Negro that are attributed to his treatment in America have nothing to do with America. If one compares his African environment then and now with the American manifestation of the Negro one will find a continuation in an American enviroment rather than a discontinuation or new creation. Further when one compares Africa, the Caribbean and the United States one finds the exact same traditions being carried on in three related manifestations.
The modern American Negro does not look to White civilization for a pattern for future conduct but back to his African roots. This is to look back to a pattern of primitive savagery, human flesh in a refrigerator, than forward to civilization. As Jesse Jackson expressed it: Hey, Hey, Ho , Ho, Western Civilization has got to go. To be replaced by Africa?
In the Big Daddy tradition of primitive Africa everyone was a slave to someone else with the exception of the Chief Big Daddy. There is absolutely no tradition of dem0cracy. There is no tradition of personal independence; one is a member of the tribe, one has a collective consciousness. Thus the modern African role models combined with the residual memories of African traditions that survived in the Black community through the slave and Jim Crow periods will and are asserting themselves today.
One may say that the role model of the pimp in American Negro society is a result of economic discrimination but upon closer examination you will find that it is an adaptation of African tradition to American possibilities.
In Africa the man had several wives to tend to his needs. All of these strings of prostitutes, that equate to African polygamy, shake that money maker to keep the male in style. The prostitutes are kept in line by the use of extreme brutality and enslavement through drugs. Slavery and polygamy are basic African traits. Even the use of drugs can be traced back to African roots. Africans took early to the use of marijuana and quickly adapted to opium when that drug became available in Africa.
Thus pimping, the basic institution of the American Negro, as well as the fondness for drugs are merely adaptations of African customs.
Now, as to the notion of democracy. The basic political approach in Africa was that the Chief could dispose of the lives of his tribemen as he saw fit. He could kill them all or sell them into slavery at his whim. Thus when in East Africa the Arab slavers offered the Chief goods he wanted for his own pleasure that he couldn’t pay for in any other way he designated the persons the slavers could abduct. This is the Big Daddy.
This role model emerged into the light of American society as the era of Jim Crow ended and the decade of the sixties unfolded. To use the example of the Black Panthers of Oakland. The Panthers were by no means an educated bunch. Huey Newton, their leader, despite his pretentions was an ingoramus. To enforce his will on his people he resorted to the same means as his African brothers. He bludgeonded them into submission or killed them. The process was known as ‘correction.’
Killing fields were established in the Santa Cruz mountains where victims were taken to be tortured and executed. People who have been there report bones sticking up out of the ground in a scene quite reminscent of the Ashanti capitol of Coomassie. There can be little doubt that the Oakland Negroes reverted to primitive cannibalism. It must be. It’s a miracle they didn’t set up piles of skulls on Oakland street corners.
The primitive African mind has never been reconstructed in America to a higher consciousness. This truth may be stunning but is nevertheless so.
Listen. The Black man will never be able to forgive the White man for having enslaved him and degraded him to the level of the apes anymore than the Anglians could forgive the Normans. Let me repeat that: It is psychologically impossible for the Black to accept White civilization without avenging himself. If you need further proof the anwer is written on every wall in every bus station and subway in America.
In society, where racial proprieties are enforced, all evidence of hatred is suppressed but in situations where normal proprieties break down racial divisions and hatreds become immediately paramount.
In prisons there is no amicable fraternization between Whites and Blacks. Self-segregation is rigidly enforced. Even White pretensions become paramount in that a prison environment is the only place Aryans can openly exist.
The closely kept secret of Viet Nam is that Blacks self segregated themselves and kept a running battle going with the Whites. In every Army base domestic or abroad Blacks and Whites separate and are at war with each other.
What would happen if the police power were removed in society?
Let us take an African case in point. Let us look at Rwanda. When the Watutsi conquered the area several hundreds of years ago they made the indigenous Wahutu their slaves, the entire nation of Hutu. the Watutsi waxed lordly. They did not walk anywhere but had Hutu slaves carry them in hammocks.
The British in the first half of the twentieth century disturbed this polity. When the British police power was removed the Watutsi attempted to reestablish their supremacy over the Wahutu. Over a period of time the Wahutu organized with guns and rebelled. Their anger and rage was such, and justifiably so, that they began a policy of genocide, either killing the Watutsi or driving them out of the country.
The Blacks in America vis-a-vis the Whites see themselves as the Wahutu of Rwanda see the Watutsi. Only a fool believes that American Blacks do not carry the same resentment against Whites. It therefore follows that the only thing preventing an attempted massacre of Whites by Blacks is the police power of the State. We have a very dangerous situation that ought to be addressed in a realistic manner rather than that of the pandering Liberals.
The problem is that the Liberals with their roots in the Anglian angst think it would be right if the Negroes killed all Whites but themselves. They are fatuous enough to believe the Blacks would exclude them if it came to that. Thus there is this long standing alliance between Liberals and Blacks against what they both consider ‘White Trash.’
No one can say what the exact course of events will be but the corruption of Western civilization by the Liberals and Blacks is reaching a dangerous point. Western civilization as Jesse Jackson demands may go. The social mores of the Whites have sunk very nearly to the levels of tribal Africa.
Educational levels of Whites have declined steadily since 1956. The maintenance of Western Civilization requires a high degree of intelligence and education. Reflect on waste management for a few moments.
Men like Willie Brown, the erstwhile Mayor of San Francisco, have gone far to establish the Big Daddy principle against the democratic principle in the Bay Area. Everywhere the trend is away from personal independence and toward the submission of the will to a Big Daddy. Africa comes.
Moral principles are shouldered aside by Big Daddys like Jesse Jackson who openly extort money from major corporations in a way little different than the African traditions reported by early explorers. Liberals are not outraged by such practices but actively endorse them. Thus White modes of democracy and honesty are corrupted as Whites change from apparently ineffective democracy to totalitarian ways. Society inevitably drops to primitive African models.
Racial characters do not die out, probably, ever. The Anglians who profess to be pure and superior refuse to criticize or condemn these really heinous crimes against humanity being committed on a regular basis by their Negro pets. They just make one incredible excuse after another for them.
The inevitable result, and we are over halfway there, will be the complete and total corruption of the Democracy established in the heydey of the Freemasonic Enlightenment.
The much disparaged White Big Daddy is, or was, an established fact. Few realize that he was not an example of a White tradition but that he was acting out a role learned from Negro slaves. Now the Big Daddy role is being emulated by Whites throughout the country which Black Big Daddys have spread from the South throughout the land.
As in Longfellow’s poem Dewey was the child tied to the mast unable to do anything but watch as the guns of the Ship of State announced that it could not survive is such angry seas. The well was running dry as like some Black slave in Arkansas Dewey moaned in anticipation: You don’t miss your water till the well runs dry.
Dewey saw the future unfolding in his dreaming visions although he only understood in embryo as the myriad impressions flitted across his dazed mind as the big wheels rolled round and round carrying him through the little State of Arkansas into the big State of Texas.